with over 200 million cases annually resulting in 655,000 deaths, primarily in African children.is a well-known scourge on many areas of the planet
The problem of malaria in children in the African nation of Nigeria is very serious according to the recently released Nigeria Malaria Indicator Survey 2010.
The 2010 Nigeria Malaria Indicator Survey (2010 NMIS) was implemented by the National Population Commission (NPC), National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP), and other Roll Back Malaria partners from October 2010 through December 2010 on a nationally representative sample of more than 6,000 households.
The primary objectives of the 2010 NMIS project are to provide information on malaria indicators and malaria prevalence, both at the national level and in each of the country's six geopolitical zones.
The data was the result of a combination of multiple questionnaires for the households and laboratory testing performed on children ages 6-59 months.
Malaria testing was performed by using the rapid, 15 minute test, Paracheck Pf rapid diagnostic test (RDT), which tests for P. falciparum.
In addition to the Paracheck Pf RDT, a thick blood smear and thin blood film were prepared for all children tested. These blood smears were dried, packed carefully in the field, and then transported to the Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Lagos, for microscopic reading and determination of malaria parasite presence and speciation. The purpose of the blood slides is to provide a 'gold standard' for the presence of parasites within the child's blood and to ascertain the type of parasite.
Any children testing positive for malaria were treated appropriately.
Some of the key numbers coming from the survey include:
· Using the RDT test, 52% of Nigerian children age 6-59 months tested positive for malaria. Blood smears revealed 42% of the children as positive for malaria.
·increased with age regardless of methodology
· Prevalence was higher in rural areas than urban areas
· Malaria was highest in the Southwest of the country
· 44 percent of households nationwide own at least one mosquito net of any type, and 27 percent own more than one.
· 31 percent of children under age 5 slept under a mosquito net the night before the survey.